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Habari afya (37)



ACCRA, October 30, 2014—The World Bank Group announced today an additional $100 million funding in its Ebola crisis response to speed up deployment of foreign health workers to the three worst-affected countries in West Africa. The announcement increases the World Bank Group’s funding for the Ebola fight over the last three months in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone to more than $500 million.

In recent weeks, West African and global development leaders have appealed for a massive coordinated reinforcement of international health teams to the three countries in order to contain the epidemic. The health workers are needed to treat and care for patients, boost local health capacity, manage Ebola treatment centers, and resume essential health services for non-Ebola conditions. Current estimates by the United Nations indicate that about 5,000 international medical, training and support personnel are needed in the three countries over the coming months to respond to the Ebola outbreak, including 700-1,000 foreign health workers to treat patients in the Ebola treatment centers.

“The world’s response to the Ebola crisis has increased significantly in recent weeks, but we still have a huge gap in getting enough trained health workers to the areas with the highest infection rates,” said World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim. “We must urgently find ways to break any barriers to the deployment of more health workers. It is our hope that this $100 million can help be a catalyst for a rapid surge of health workers to the communities in dire need.”

The World Bank Group’s additional financing will help set up a coordination hub in close cooperation with the three countries; the World Health Organization (WHO); the United Nations’ main Ebola coordination body in Ghana; and other agencies to recruit, train and deploy qualified foreign health workers.

The hub will be designed and operated in coordination with the Senior United Nations System Coordinator for Ebola and the United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER), with technical support from the WHO and in close collaboration with other partners. It will resolve key issues blocking the recruitment of significantly more foreign health workers, such as pay and benefits, recruitment and training, safety, transportation, housing, provision of urgent medical care, and/or medical evacuations for any infected staff.

The funding also will strengthen the overall capacity of the three countries toward reaching the 70/70/60 targets established by UNMEER and WHO on October 1, 2014: Toisolate and treat 70 percent of suspected Ebola cases in West Africa and safely bury 70 percent of the dead within the next 60 days.

The announcement comes at a time of increased international focus on the need to bring more trained health workers to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

At a special meeting on Ebola called on October 28, 2014, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, African Union Commission Chairperson Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma said her organization would help deploy 2,000 trained health workers from African countries to the affected nations. At the meeting, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and World Bank Group President Kim welcomed the pledge and said they would do all they could to help. Also Tuesday, Kenyan health leaders told Kim that 600 health workers in the country have volunteered to go to work in the affected nations.

And earlier this month, Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft, pledged $100 million to increase the number of foreign health workers, with much of the funding going toward medical evacuation services for foreign health workers if they were to contract Ebola. The European Commission and the United States earlier this month also pledged to support medical evacuation of infected foreign health workers.

Health workers take an oath to treat the sick – and so it’s no surprise to me that many health workers want to go treat Ebola patients at the source of this epidemic,” said Kim, an infectious disease doctor who spent years treating patients in poor countries. “So we need to find all ways possible to remove any obstacle that stops health workers from serving – whether it is pay for workers in developing countries, or the promise of evacuation services. Health workers who treat Ebola patients are heroes, and we should treat them as such.”

Kim also said that the hub could jumpstart the development of a more permanent global health security reserve corps from different countries for rapid and targeted health worker deployment in response to future health crises.

Even as we focus intensely on the Ebola emergency response, we must also invest in public health infrastructure, institutions and systems to prepare for the next epidemic, which could spread much more quickly, kill even more people and potentially devastate the global economy,” said Kim.

The new funding will come from World Bank Group’s IDA Crisis Response Window, which is designed to help low-income IDA countries respond to exceptionally severe crises in a timely, transparent and predictable way. Financing from the Crisis Response Window complements UN and other emergency relief efforts by providing immediate crisis response, supporting country efforts to provide care and essential support for affected populations, while helping countries return to a path of long-term development.

The World Bank Group previously announced that it was mobilizing $400 million for the three countries hardest hit by the Ebola crisis, of which $117 million has already been disbursed. This support—coordinated closely with the United Nations and other international and country partners—will assist the affected countries in treating the sick, providing essential food and water to Ebola-affected households, coping with the economic and social impact of the crisis, and starting to improve their public health systems to build up resilience and preparedness for potential future outbreaks. The World Bank Group also recently released a report that said that if the virus continues to surge in the three worst-affected countries and spreads to neighboring countries, the two-year regional financial impact could reach $32.6 billion by the end of 2015.

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Loy Nabeta

Communications Officer

World Bank

50 Mirambo Street

P. O. Box 2054

Dar es Salaam

Tel: +255 22 216 3246

Fax: +255 22 211 3039

Dama: 5355 3246

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tuesday, 14 October 2014 10:36

Mfanyakazi Mwingine Aambukizwa Ebola Marekani

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Texas, Marekani. Mfanyakazi mwingine wa kituo cha afya aliyemtibu Thomas Dancun kabla ya kifo chake katika Jimbo la Texas nchini Marekani amepatikana na virusi vya ugonjwa wa ebola.

Marehemu Dancun ambaye aliambukizwa ugonjwa huo nchini Liberia alifariki duni katika Hospitali ya Dallas nchini Marekani siku ya jumatano.

Ugonjwa wa Ebola unasababishwa na Virusi na ni ugonjwa hatari unaoambukiza haraka binadamu na wanyama mwitu (hayawani) kama kima, sokwe, popo, ndege, mijusi, amfibia, na kadhalika. Ugonjwa huu unaosababishwa na virusi aina ya Ebola Virus ni wa mlipuko.
Japokuwa hakuna mazingira maalum ambamo virusi vya Ebola vinapatikana, lakini wataalamu wanasema virusi hivyo vinapatikana kwa mnyama ambaye anapatikana zaidi barani Afrika.
Mlipuko wa Ugonjwa wa Ebola umetokea katika nchi nyingi na bado unaendelea kupukutisha maisha ya watu wengi hasa barani Afrika. Matukio ambayo yamethibitishwa kuwepo kwa ugonjwa huo ni katika nchi za Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Ghana, Nigeria, Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Congo, Gabon, Sudan, Ivory Coast, Uganda na kadhalika. 
Ugonjwa wa Ebola daima unasambaa ndani ya maeneo ya utoaji wa huduma za afya.Hata hivyo, matukio mengine yamekuwa yakitokea nje ya maeneo hayo na hayafahamiki.
Jinsi ugonjwa huo unavyosambaa:
Namna ugonjwa huo ulivyojulikana kwa mara ya kwanza hakuna anayefahamu kwa hakika. Hata hivyo, ugonjwa wa Ebola unaweza kusambazwa kwa njia zifuatazo:
1. Kugusana moja kwa moja na mtu ama mnyama mwenye ugonjwa huo;
2. Kugusana moja kwa moja na damu ama majimaji (mate au mafua) ya mtu mwenye ugonjwa huo katika familia;
3. Kugusa vifaa vya tiba vilivyo na virusi vya ugonjwa huo kama sindano;
4. Kutumia vifaa visivyochemshwa katika hospitali kama sinano;
5. Kula ama kushika vinyesi vya wanyama wenye ugonjwa huo;
6. Kuvuta hewa yenye virusi vya ugonjwa huo katika mazingira ya hospitali;
7. Kutumia nyama ya wanyama walioathirika kama kitoweo;
8. Kutozingatia tahadhari za kitaalam.
Dalili za Ebola:
Mtu au mnyama mpaka aonyeshe dalili za ugonjwa wa Ebola huchukua kati ya siku 2 hadi 21. Dalili za ugonjwa huo ni pamoja na:
1. Homa kali
2. Kuumwa kichwa
3. Kuharisha
4. Kutapika
5. Maumivu ya kifua
6. Maumivu ya tumbo
7. Mafua
8. Kikohozi
9. Maumivu ya misuli na viungo, hasa kwenye viungio
10. Kuvimba koo
11. Mwili kuwa dhaifu
12. Mfadhaiko
13. Kuchanganyikiwa
14. Macho kuwa mekundu
15. Kuvuja damu kwa ndani na nje
Nani aliye katika hatari?
1. Watu wanaofuga wanyama mwitu ama wanaoishi katika maeneo yenye wanyama mwitu;
2. Watu wanaotegemea wanyama mwitu kama popo kama chakula chao;
3. Watumishi wa vyumba ya kuhifadhia maiti;
4. Watumishi wa afya wanaowahudumia wagonjwa wa Ebola;
5. Watumishi wa afya katika hospitali ambazo hazina mazingira bora na safi;
6. Wanafamilia wa wagonjwa wa Ebola;
7. Watu wanaohudhuria hospitali ambazo hazina mazingira safi na salama;
Jinsi ya kujikinga na ugonjwa wa Ebola:
1. Epuka kugusa damu/majimaji ya wanyama ama binadamu walio na ugonjwa wa Ebola au hata maiti za watu waliokufa kwa ugonjwa huo kwa kuzingatia haya:
a) Tunza mazingira safi na salama ya hospitali;
b) Watelekeze wagonjwa wa Ebola;
c) Fukia miili ya waliokufa kwa Ebola kwa usalama;
d) Epuka mazishi ya kienyeji kama kuosha maiti za watu waliokufa kwa Ebola;
2. Watumishi wa afya na wanaowatazama wagonjwa wa Ebola wanatakiwa:
a) Kuvaa kwa usahihi vifaa vya kujikinga na nyuso, mikono na macho,
b) Na majoho maalum daima;
c) Kutumia sindano mara moja na kuziteketeza ama kuzifukia;
d) Epuka kutumia zaidi ya mara moja sindano au kutotumia sindano ambazo hazijachemshwa vyema;
e) Epuka kuosha maiti za watu waliokufa kwa Ebola;


Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Wizara ya Afya na Ustawi wa jamii inapenda kutoa ufafanuzi kuhusu taarifa mbalimbali za upotoshaji unaofanywa kupitia baadhi ya mitandao ya kijamii, simu za mikononi na mikusanyiko ya watu kuwa ugonjwa wa Dengue haupo nchini Tanzania.

Wizara inapenda kusisitiza kwamba, ugonjwa huo upo nchini na serikali kwa kushirikiana na wananchi inaendelea kutekeleza hatua mbalimbali za kukabiliana nao. Ikumbukwe ugonjwa huu unapatikana pia katika nchi nyingi duniani zilizoko katika ukanda wa joto na unaathiri takribani asilimia 40 ya watu duniani.Takwimu za Shirika la Afya Duniani zinathibitisha kuwa takribani watu milioni 5 wanaripotiwa kuugua ugonjwa wa kila mwaka.

Wizara inasisitiza na kuikumbusha jamii kwamba hakuna dawa maalumu ya ugonjwa wala chanjo bali mgonjwa anatibiwa kutokana na dalili zitakazo ambatana na ugonjwa huu kama vile homa, kupungukiwa maji au damu.

Jinsi ya kujikinga na ugonjwa wa homa ya Dengue

  • Kuangamiza mazalio ya mbu
    • Fukia madimbwi ya maji yaliyotuama au nyunyuzia viuatilifu vya kuua viluwiluwi vya mbu kwenye madimbwi hayo
    • Ondoa vitu vyote vinavyoweza kuweka mazalio ya mbu kama vile: vifuu vya nazi, makopo, magurudumu ya magari yaliyotupwa hovyo, nk.
    • Fyeka vichaka vilivyo karibu na makazi ya watu
    • Hakikisha maua yanayo pandwa kwenye makopo au ndoo hayaruhusu maji kutuama
    • Funika mashimo ya maji taka kwa mfuniko imara
    • Safisha gata za paa la nyumba ili kutoruhusu maji kutuama

  • Kujikinga na kuumwa na mbu
    • Tumia viuatilifu vya kufukuza mbu “mosquito repellants”
    • Vaa nguo ndefu kujikinga na kuumwa na mbu
    • Tumia vyandarua vilivyosindikwa viuatilifu (kwa wale wanaolala majira ya mchana na hasa kwa watoto)
    • Weka nyavu kwenye madirisha na milango ya nyumba za kuishi

Wizara inawakumbusha wananchi wa Tanzania kuwa, huu ni muda muafaka wa kuzingatia utunzaji bora wa mazingira yetu. Tukitunza mazingira yetu, nayo yatatutunza na kutuepusha na maradhi yanayoambatana na mazingira machafu.

Nsachris Mwamwaja
Msemaji wa wizara
23 mei 2014

Thursday, 08 May 2014 22:37

Wagonjwa Homa ya Dengue Wafikia 376

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Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Wizara ya Afya na Ustawi wa Jamii, imesema kuwa wagonjwa wa homa ya dengue ni 376 ambao wamengundulika wameugua ugonjwa huo.

Mtaalamu wa Ufuatiliaji wa Magonjwa wa wizara hiyo, Dk Janeth Mugamba alisema hadi jana watu wawili walikuwa wamepoteza maisha, idadi ambayo alisema inaweza kuwa kubwa zaidi endapo upimaji utafanyika katika kila wilaya.

“Pengine idadi inaweza kuwa kubwa zaidi kwa sababu wengi hawapimwi, Ijumaa (kesho) tutatoa, taarifa zaidi,” alisema.

Alisema Wilaya ya Kinondoni ina wagonjwa wengi zaidi, ikifuatiwa na Ilala na Temeke.

Alisema huenda wilaya zenye idadi ndogo ya wagonjwa hazijaweza kupima na kubaini watu wenye maradhi hayo ikilinganishwa na Kinondoni.

Juzi, Waziri wa Afya na Ustawi wa Jamii, Dk Seif Rashid alisema hali ni mbaya na wananchi wanatakiwa kuchukua hadhari wasipate maambukizi ya ugonjwa huo.

Homa ya Dengue inaambukizwa na mbu aina ya Aedes Egyptiae.



Matatizo ya matiti huwasumbua wanawake wengi na hata wanaume. Matatizo haya yapo ya aina nyingi, mfano uvimbe wa matiti, maumivu ya matiti au matiti kutoa maziwa au majimaji au damu. Tatizo hili hutokea katika umri wote kuanzia pale mwanamke anapovunja ungo hadi anapofikia ukomo wa hedhi.

Matatizo ya matiti katika umri mkubwa kuanzia miaka 35 mara nyingi huambatana na saratani ya matiti. Jinsi tatizo linavyotokea Uvimbe wa matiti upo wa aina mbili. Kwanza ni vivimbe vidogo katika matiti na pili ni uvimbe mmoja mkubwa.

Vivimbe vidogo au mkubwa vinaweza kuwa katika titi moja au yote mawili. Uvimbe huu unaweza kuwa na maumivu au usiwe na maumivu na huwa unazunguka kama utaupapasa, endapo uvimbe utakuwa mgumu na hautembei kuna uwezekano mkubwa wa uwepo wa saratani.

Maumivu ya matiti hutokana na uvimbe kuwa mkubwa, kuvimba mishipa ya damu (Fibrocystic Breast Disease) na maambukizi ya matiti. Maambukizi na matatizo ya mishipa ya damu huwatokea zaidi wanawake wanaonyonyesha ambapo matiti huvimba na huwa na maumivu makali.

Tatizo la matiti kutoa maziwa au maji maji huwatokea zaidi wanawake ambao wamekatisha kunyonyesha, mfano mtoto amefariki au mimba imeharibika. Matiti yana maumbile tofauti kutokana na mtu na mtu, yanaweza kuwa makubwa au madogo, au makubwa wakati wa ujauzito au baada ya kujifungua.

Dalili za matatizo Matatizo ya matiti huonyesha dalili tofauti tofauti kama tulivyoona hapo awali. Dalili hizi zinaweza kujitokeza kwa pamoja au mbili kwa pamoja au moja peke yake. Mfano mtu anaweza kuwa na maumivu na uvimbe au uvimbe na matiti kutoa maziwa.

Pia unaweza kuwa na dalili mojawapo ya hizo nilizoelezea, mfano maziwa kutoka pekee. Matatizo ya matiti huwa na uhusiano mkubwa na masuala ya uzazi, mfano mwanamke unaweza kuhisi matiti yanauma na yamejaa kipindi cha upevushaji mayai au unapokuwa mjamzito, pia endapo matiti yatakuwa yanatoa maziwa na huna mimba wala historia ya ujauzito, basi ni matatizo ya mfumo wa homoni na uwezekano wa kushika mimba hupotea au haupo. Ni vema endapo una tatizo la matiti kutoa maziwa na unatafuta ujauzito hupati uwaone madaktari wa akina mama kwa uchunguzi wa kina.

Saratani ya matiti Tatizo hili huanza taratibu kama kivimbe kwenye titi moja au yote mawili. Uvimbe huu huendelea kukua taratibu na huwa sehemu moja ya titi. Katika hatua za awali, uvimbe hutembea yaani ukibonyeza unasogea sehemu nyingine na hauna maumivu.

Baada ya kuendelea kukua, uvimbe huwa mgumu kama ubao na hutanuka zaidi na kusababisha ngozi ya juu ya uvimbe huo kuwa na matundu au kama ganda la chungwa, tezi huvimba kwapani na wakati mwingine chuchu huanza kutoa damu.

Uchunguzi Matatizo ya matiti hufanyika katika vituo vya afya ambapo mgonjwa huchunguzwa kufuatana na jinsi tatizo linavyojitokeza. Vipimo vya damu, Ultrasound, X-ray na vingine vitafanyika kadiri daktari atakavyoona inafaa.

Matibabu na ushauri Tiba hutegemea na jinsi vipimo vinavyoonyesha. Mgonjwa atatibiwa kadiri daktari atakavyomchunguza. Dawa za homoni na ufuatiliaji katika mfumo wa uzazi pia utafanyika. Wahi hospitali kwa uchunguzi na tiba.

Monday, 07 April 2014 17:00

Hizi ndizo faida za kula Pilipili

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Kama ilivyo kwa matunda na vyakula vingine kuwa na faida kiafya mwilini, pilipili nayo ni moja wapo. Licha ya kuogopwa na baadhi ya watu, lakini ina kiasi kingi cha vitamin C.

Umuhimu wa Vitamin C mwilini, humfanya mlaji awe imara na ndiyo maana wala pilipili siyo waoga, ni watu wenye kujiamini, hawaugui hovyo na huimarisha nguvu za mwili kwa ujumla.

Kwa mujibu wa kumbukumbu zilizopo, pilipili ina asili ya Marekani. Wafanyabiashara wa Ulaya waliipeleka barani Asia ambako nako Waarabu katika pilikapilika za biashara ya utumwa wakajikuta wameileta Afrika Mashariki, ikiwemo Tanzania.

Aidha, pilipili inadaiwa kudhibiti uzito, ingawa haijathibitishwa rasmi kama inaweza kupunguza uzito wa mwili. Hata hivyo, pilipili ina faida lukuki za kiafya ambapo inajulikana kwa uwezo wake wa kudhibiti maumivu ya viungo na ugonjwa wa kisukari.

Utafiti uliowahi kufanywa nchini Marekani na Chama cha Watafiti wa Ugonjwa wa Saratani, umegundua kuwa upo uwezekano wa pilipili kuua na kutokomeza viini vya saratani ya uzazi na mapafu, endapo italiwa chini ya usimamizi na maelekezo ya daktari.

Ili kupata faida za pilipili kama zilivyoainishwa hapo juu, hakikisha mlo wako unakuwa na pilipili kwa kiwango utakachoweza kukimudu, na inapendekezwa pilipili iwe mbichi, na kama utaipika pamoja na kitoweo au mboga, hakikisha unatumia pilipili halisi na siyo ya kwenye makopo.

Hata hivyo, unaweza usiipate pilipili halisi kutokana na mazingira au usile kutokana na matatizo mbalimbali yakiwemo ya kiafya. Upo msaada wa tibalishe za ‘Go!’ ambazo zinaweza kufanya kazi mbadala wa pilipili. Zipo Go! za aina nne yaani, Man, Woman, Focus na Workout ambazo zipo madukani karibu nchi nzima.

Go! Man itakuongezea kinga ya kupambana na maradhi kwa mwaka mzima huku ikiboresha uhai wa moyo. Itafukuza maumivu ya mgongo, kiuno na miguu pia. Itakusafisha ubongo na kurejesha kumbukumbu na kuimarisha afya kwa ujumla.

‘Go! Woman’ itampa mwanamke vitu vyote hivyo ila imeongezwa vikorombwezo vitakavyomfanya mwanamke mrembo kwa kukarabati kucha zake, ngozi na nywele pia. Tibalishe ni msaada mkubwa wa kurekebisha afya zetu kwa sababu katika hali ya kawaida hatuwezi kukidhi mahitaji ya miili yetu kwa chakula pekee.

Tibalishe nyingi zipo madukani, iwapo utashindwa kuzipata tafadhali tuwasiliane tukusaidie kuzipata. Ila, kumbuka kula pilipili daima uwe


Hakuna kitu kinachokera wakati wa kupeana raha na utamu kama mwa amke anayetoa harufu mwilini.

Unapeleka mdomo wako kwenye lips zake ili umnyonye denda unakutana na mdomo wake unaotoa harufu,unapeleka mdomo wako kwenye matiti yake uyanyonye unakutana na kikwapa chake kinachotoa harufu,Haya basi unaona isiwe kesi acha nimnyonye au nimlambe Uke,unapeleka mdomo wako huko chini unakutana na harufu kali ndani ya Uke wake.

Mpaka ikifika hapo unakuwa utakuwa ushamboa mwanaume,ataingiza tu mashine yake amalize hamu zake aondoke,halafu kila siku unalalamika hujawahi kufika kileleni,nani atakufikisha kileleni kwenye hali kama hiyo?


Kama ulikuwa una mazoea ya kuoga mara moja kwa siku,Itabidi uwe unaoga hata mara mbili au tatu,ukiwa unaoga usisahau kujisugua sehemu zenye mikunjo ambazo zinaficha jasho na uchafu mwingine ambao unakufanya utoe harufu mbaya (Sugua kikwapa chako vizuri,piga mswaki kila baada ya mlo,nyoa nywele zako za sehemu za siri mara kwa mara ).

kwa kawaida Uke una harufu yake nzuri ambayo haiwezi kumkera mwanaume,sana sana itamuongezea hamu ya kutaka kupata raha na utamu,Lakini kama uke wako unatoa harufu mbaya basi kuna njia za kufanya ambazo nimeshawahi kuzieleza hivyo unaweza kuzipitia.


 Sio siri inakera na inaboa sana kupeana raha na utamu na mwanamke ambaye ana tabia na mazoea ya kutulia kama gogo kitandani,Yaani kidume mwenyewe uko busy unamshika shika na kumlamba kila sehemu,lakini yeye ametulia tu,umeingiza mashine ukaanza kupump,wala hata hashtuki.Mwanaume sio mashine,ni binadamu kwa hiyo wakati wa kupeana raha na utamu anahitaji kujua kama anachofanya kinakupa raha kiasi gani ili aongeze ufundi zaidi.



Wanawake mmejaliwa na sauti nzuri sana,unaonaje kama ukitumia hiyo sauti yako vizuri wakati wa kupeana raha na utamu?.Sauti ya chumbani inatakiwa iwe tofauti na ya barabarani,ibane sauti yako itokee puani,na hiyo sauti ijaze maneno matamu ya kumjulisha mwanaume raha na utamu unaoupata,na pia kumjulisha aongeze au apunguze kitu gani kulingana na mahitaji yako kwa wakati huo.Pia unaweza ukazungusha kiuno chako taratibu kutegemeana na style mnayotumia,na kama style mnayotumia inaruhusu mikono yako iwe free basi itumie ama kujishika shika mwenyewe au mpenzi wako kwa ajili ya kuongeza raha zaidi.Kinachohitajika hapa ni kuonyesha USHIRIKIANO.

3: USIJARIBU KITU AMBACHO HUJUI NA HUJAWAHI KUJIFUNZA. Kujaribu mambo mapya wakati wa kupeana raha na utamu ni kitu kizuri sana,kwa sababu kinachangamsha na kulifanya tendo liwe jipya kila siku hata kama unafanya na mtu yule yule.Lakini kama ukijaribu kufanya kitu kipya bila kujifunza kwanza,uwezekano wa kukosea unakuwa mkubwa zaidi,na pale unapokosea kama mwanaume unae do nae sio muelewa basi ni lazima utamboa.

Mfano: hujawahi kunyonya mashine ya mwanaume toka uzaliwe,lakini ulipoona kwenye PORN na marafiki zako wakakuambia wanaume wanapenda,ukatamani na wewe ujaribu,na ukajaribu bila kujifunza,matokeo yake ukawa unamuumiza mwenzako na meno yako wakati wa kunyonya n.k UNACHOTAKIWA KUFANYA.

 Kama kuna kitu kipya umekiona au umekisikia sehemu,na ungependa kujaribu na mpenzi wako,ni heri ukamwambia mapema ili hata kama ukikosea iwe rahisi kukuelewa,na kama anajua,basi atakuelekeza jinsi ya kufanya ili wote mpate nafasi ya kuenjoy.

Au kama unapenda ukijaribu kama SUPRISE ,basi itakuwa vizuri ukijifunza kwanza ama peke yako au unaweza ukatumia kitu chochote kinachofanana na mdoli,ukishamaliza kujaribu ukiwa na uhakika umeweza kufanya inavyotakiwa kisha ndio uende kujaribu kwake kama SUPRISE.

Thursday, 13 March 2014 09:22

Faida Za Kula Maharage!

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Na Ismael Mohamed:

Maharage ni chakula cha bei nafuu na ni chakula chenye protini  nyingi yenye faida. Tumia maharage kwenye kachumbari, supu, mchuzi, kande, mboga ya ziada au yafanye kama mafuta mbadala katika vyakula vya kuoka. Maharage yana virutubisho vingi and vinaweza kusiaidia kuzuia magonjwa ya moyo, kisukari na saratani. Idara ya Kilimo ya Marekani inashauri wanawake kula kikombe kimoja na nusu cha maharage kwa wiki na wanaume kula vikombe viwili vya maharage.


Ingawa aina halisi ya virutubisho itokanavyo na maharage inalingana na aina ya maharage unayokula, lakini maharage ina calories (calories /nguvu) takribani 116 katika nusu kikombe, ina pia gramu nane (8) za protini, sita (6) za fauba na ni kama haina mafuta kabisa. Maharage ni chanzo kizuri sana cha fiber, kopa, folate, chuma, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium na zinc. Kwa kua fiber na protini nyingi inakufanya ujisike umeshiba hivyo kula calories chache na hivyo kukusaidia kuweza kuwa na uzito mzuri.

Moyo Wenye Afya

Maharge yanatabia kadhaa ambazo zinafanya moyo kuwa wenye Afya Njema, hii ni kutokana na makala iliyochapishwa na “British Journal of Nutrition”. Maharage yanamafuta kidogo, na yana fiber inayoyeyuka na ina kemikali (phytochemiclas), vyote ambavyo vinasaidia kupunguza wingi wa cholesterols. Folate ipatikanayo katika maharage pia ina faida kwakuwa inasaidia kupunguza wingi wa homocysteine, tindikali (amino acid) ambayo inaongeza hatari ya kupata magonjwa ya moyo ikipatikana kwa wingi kwenye damu.


Kula maharage kwa wingi inaweza kupunguza aina ya Kisukari kiitwacho Type 2-Diabete, hii ni kutokana na utafiti uliochapishwa Januari 2008 katika Jarida la “American Journal of Clinical Nutrition”. Watu waliokula maharage zaidi walikuwa na uwezekano mdogo zaidi ya kupata kisukari katika kipindi cha utafiti huu, labad ni kutokana na fiber na antioxidants inayopatikana katika maharage au kutokana na glycemic indes katika maharage ukilinganisha na vyakula vingine vyenye wanga. Glycemic index inapima madhara ya vyakula vyenye wanga katika sukari ya damu na vyakula vyenye index ndogo huwa na sukari ndogo katika a Njema.

Thursday, 13 March 2014 09:11

Sababu 5 Za Harufu Mbaya Mdomoni

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Na Ismael Mohamed :

Unajiuliza kwanini watu wa karibu yako wanakaa mbali na wewe kuliko kawaida? Kama wewe ni moja kati ya asilimia 90 ya Waafrica (Tanzania) wanaougua tatizo sugu la kunuka mdomo basi inakupa sababu za tatizo hilo. Pia  tutakupa namna ya kukabiliana na tatizo hilo.

Sababu Kuu 5 Za Kutokwa harufu mbaya mdomoni

1. Mdomo mchafu

“Asilimia 90 ya harufu mdomoni hutoka kwenye mdomo wenyewe – aidha ni kwa chakula unachokula au vijidudu (bacteria) ambao wapo tayari” anasema Dokta Richard H. Price msemaji wa American Dental Association. “Harufu mdomoni ni kama harufu zingine za mwili – ni matokeo ya microbes zinazoishi katika mwili”. Katika mdomo, hii ikimaanisha bacteria ambao kawaida wanaishi katika mdomo hutumia chakula, damu, na nyama za midomo n.k kutengeneza (harufu mbaya) salfa (sulfur). Kama husafishi mdomo sawasawa, bacteria wanajijenga, na kinachofuata harufu mbaya!

2.Mdomo Uliozidiwa kwa Bacteria

Kuna hali Fulani yam domo inaweza kusababisha bacteria kukuwa na harufu pia, magonjwa ya ufidhi na midomo kukauka. Magonjwa ya ufidhi (au fidhi) yanasababisha kutokwa damu kwa fidhi, hivyo kutengeneza mazingira mazuri zaidi kwa hawa bacteria kuwa wengi. Lakini sababu kuu zaidi ya midomo kunuka ni midomo iliyokauka. Mate yanasaidia kusafisha mdomo, yanafanya bacteria kutotulia hivyo kuwafanya washindwe kuzaliana na kukaa sehemu moja, ilhali midomo mikavu ni mizuri sana kwa bacteria kuzaliana.

3. Vyakula Vinavyonuka

Kama utakuwa chenye harufu mbaya, kuna uwezekano mkubwa mdomo ukatoa harufu mbaya. Vitu vinavyoongoza kutoka harufu mbaya ni vitunguu (saumu na maji), pombe na tumbaku.

4. Kula wanga pungufu.

Mlo wenye vyakula vyenye protini nyingi na wanga (carbohydrates) chache husababisha mwili kuunguza mafuta mengi yaliyohifadhiwa mwilini ili kupata nguvu badala ya kuunguza wanga na inaweza kukufanya upate tatizo liitwalo Ketosis. “Karidi mafuta yanavyounguzwa, ketones zinajijenga kwenye mwili, na zingine hutoka kupitia harufu ya mdomo” anaeleza Moloo. “Kwa bahati mbaya ketones hazina harufu nzuri hata kidogo.”

5. Kuugua

Mara moja moja, harufu mbaya  huwa ni ishara ya kuugua sana. Magonjwa makuu yanayosababisha kutoa harufu mbaya ya mdomo huwa ni kisukari au GERD (or gastro osephageal reflux diseas – magonjwa ya tumbo). Kisukari pia kinaweza kusababisha ketosis, na matokeo ya ya harufu mbaya mara nyingine huwa ndio dalili za kwanza za kisukari. GERD (matatizo ya tumbo) ni kurudi kwa aside kutoka kwenye tumbo kwenda kwenye esophagus.

Magonjwa mengine ambayo kwa kiwango kidogo husababisha harufu mbaya ni magonjwa ya ini au kibofu- hutokea pale sumu kutoka kwenye viungo hivi kutolewa kuptia mapafu hivyo kusababisha harufu mbaya uwe na Afya Njema yam domo wako hebu jaribu kuangalia kama wewe unaangukia kwenye moja ya sababu ambazo  nimezitaja.

Tutawaletea namna tano za kutibu matatizo ya kutokwa na harufu mbaya mdomoni. Kama unapenda makala zetu za Afya  basi tafadhali usisite ku-share na ndugu jamaa na marafiki ili nao wapate kuwa na afya njema.

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